Decrease of Wildlife in Kenya

Added On April 19, 2013

Climate change is a great threat to the wildlife in Kenya as well. It has severely affected the ecosystem, leading to a decrease of animal population in the country.

According to the country's Wildlife Conservation agency, Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), climate change has brought about changed lifestyles among the wildlife, hence rendering to decrease of animal population trends either by way of natural deaths or intensified human activities.

"We have seen an increasingly long sunshine or rather drought and when we have this it obviously affects the availability of pastures for the animals, especially the herbivores. And when the pasture is affected it also affects the distribution and the migration of animal species. when the herbivores migrate as they look for pasture similarly you find the predators carnivores will also move along with them."

According to Mbugua, KWS spokesman, the country has witnessed a drop in the population of the animals hence classifying them as endangered.

"We consider endangered and all the species we have in the country happen to be endangered. We can also tell the endangered by the low numbers population trends, some animal species the number have dropped so low and its imperative upon KWS to ensure that we build this numbers to ensure we retain this species otherwise if nothing is done. We stand risk of losing animals by way of extinction."

Widespread poverty in many parts of the country has greatly lead to over-exploitation of the limited resources in Kenya. Cutting down of trees to create more land for cultivation, charcoal burning business, quarrying among other social and occupational practices are the major threats of environmental degradation in Kenya.

The spokesman added that by 2025 as many as one fifth of all animal species may be disappear, gone forever. In recent times, hundreds of species have become extinct as a result of human activities.

KWS has a programme to identify this vulnerable and endangered species in a bid to enhance their conservation and protection efforts in a self made park called the 'Safari Walk' and the orphanage is at their headquarters.

"I am here at the Kenya Wildlife Service Park, here a variety of orphaned and endangered animals are kept here for safe haven. As seen behind me this are lions which are orphaned and have been brought here for safe keeping."

Located 7 km south of the city, the centre is a unique facility to give orphaned and endangered wild animals a second chance with professional care.

"So we have programme for elephants, we have a rhino programme, we have a programme for lions, for cheetahs, zebras and so on and forth. So in this programmes we have outlined what we need to do within given time frame to ensure we conserve this particular species, and we have given ourselves targets of numbers we intend to achieve within given specific time."

A 2012 report by the the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) presented its annual report on endangered species and the first dedicated exclusively to climate change.