Museum shows Japan wartime atrocity

Added On August 16, 2014

On the 69th anniversary of Japan's surrender to World War II,visitors from home and abroad went to a museum in northeast China's Heilongjiang province to mourn the victims dead in Japan's notorious germ warfare base Unit 731.

By learning the bloody history, they also condemned crimes committed by Japanese army during World War II and urged the Japanese government to confess the crimes. 
Unit 731 was a research base established in Harbin, Heilongjiang's capital, in 1935 as the center of Japan's biological warfare program in China and Southeast Asia.
More than 10,000 people were killed there. Civilians and prisoners of war from China, the Soviet Union, the Korean Peninsula and Mongolia perished at the hands of Japanese scientists.
The retreating Japanese invaders blew up the base when the Soviet army took Harbin in 1945.  
To collect the crime evidence of Unit 731, the Museum of Evidence of War Crimes by Japanese Army Unit 731 was set up in 1982.
The museum gathered item evidence from all over the country, including arms, ammunition, clothing, equipment, books, documents and chemical reagents.
Visitors came here to learn about the history and mourn victims dead in the germ warfare base.
Many of them were shocked by the atrocious activities committed by Japanese military.
"I was very sad when I learned how the ruthless experiment was carried on Chinese by Japan's Unit 731." 
Among the visitors, there were also foreigners.
Many of them came here as a study group to investigate Japan's war crimes in Asia during World War II.
SOUNDBITE(ENGLISH)MIKE STEVENS, History teacher from Canada
"I came here as a part of study group, to study the crimes committed by the Japanese in World War II. It’s a forgotten piece of history, that I find it deplorable that events took place here. I want to learn as much as I could by actually coming here.
SOUNDBITE(KOREAN)LI QINGLUO, College student from South Korea
"I come here for a better understanding of the real history. I hope such tragedies won’t happen again."
Visitors also condemned the inhuman germ warfare program carried out by Japanese army.
They urged Japanese government to admit their crimes committed in Asia during World War II.
SOUNDBITE(ENGLISH)MIKE STEVENS, History teacher from Canada
"(People) have no tolerance for denying facts, it’s a fact what happened here, what’s committed by the Japanese. I really think they should as a government admit it, so the whole world can move on."
"(Now) they (Japan) have the wrong attitude, but I like to be optimistic to think that in the future, especially with younger people. They will come here, they will come to Nanking, and they will learn about what wrongs Japan has done, and hopefully, face up to which their parents and grand parents didn’t do, and we have a better world."