Added On July 13, 2018

UN Deputy Secretary-General, Amina Mohammed, has highlighted the link between climate change and international peace and security, and called for collective action.

SOUNDBITE(English): AMINA MOHAMMED, UN Deputy Secretary-General
"Climate change is inextricably linked to some of the most pressing security challenges of our time. It is no coincidence that the countries most vulnerable to climate change are often those most vulnerable to conflict and fragility."
Mohammed said fragile countries are in danger of becoming stuck in a cycle of conflict and climate disaster.
SOUNDBITE(English): AMINA MOHAMMED, UN Deputy Secretary-General
"Where resilience is eroded, communities may be displaced and exposed to exploitation."
Mohammed has just returned from a joint UN-African Union mission to South Sudan, Niger and Chad.
The UN official took the Lake Chad region as an example.
She noted that Lake Chad has shrunk by more than 90 percent since the 1960s, and it has led to environmental degradation, socio-economic marginalization and insecurity, affecting 45 million people.
SOUNDBITE(English): AMINA MOHAMMED, UN Deputy Secretary-General
"Exacerbated competition over scant resources and the vicious cycle of risk and vulnerability have decreased the resilience of populations to cope with humanitarian crises."
According to Mohammed,declining economic activity and agricultural loss have led to a lack of employment opportunities across the region.
The resulting socio-economic marginalization has exposed populations, in particular the young, to the risk of violent extremism and provided breeding ground for recruitment by terrorist groups such as Boko Haram.
SOUNDBITE(English): AMINA MOHAMMED, UN Deputy Secretary-General
"We must understand climate change as one issue in a web of factors that can lead to conflict, can exacerbate conflict. Within this web, climate change acts as a threat multiplier, applying additional stress on prevailing political, social and economic pressure points."
Mohammed said climate security risk assessments and reports from local, national and regional levels should be considered as an early warning for conflict prevention.
She said action on climate change is urgent and an integral part of building a culture of prevention and ensuring peace.