Garbage sorting, a basic survival skill in Japan

CNC
Added On July 13, 2019

Japan boasts the world's strictest standards of garbage classification. Waste sorting and recycling has been practiced for many years and has become a basic survival skill for the Japanese people. 

Let's take a look.

STANDUP(ENGLISH): GUO WEI, CNC Correspondent

"Each city and town has its own rules, but in general, the rules are pretty similar.To distinguish the classification of garbage, people first need to refer to the garbage classification chart. It tells people how to sort out garbage and the rules that come with it."

STANDUP(ENGLISH): GUO WEI, CNC Correspondent

"There are basically four types of garbage in Japan, combustible, incombustible, resources and large items. Different types of garbage are collected on different days. Resource waste is collected on Friday in this neighborhood. Combustible waste is the most common in everyday life, including kitchen waste, paper, old clothes, branches and leaves and so on. Basically, garbage that can be burned is classified as combustible waste, which is typically recycled twice a week. As in this area, combustible waste is collected on Monday and Thursday. Incombustible waste includes metal, glass, ceramics, dry batteries and so on. It is collected on the third Saturday of the month. If you want to throw away larger things, such as bicycles, home appliances, you will have to pay extra money and schedule a pickup."   

STANDUP(ENGLISH): GUO WEI, CNC Correspondent

"In Japan, people put out garbage in bags at designated garbage collecting points. To prevent crows from pecking the food residue, blue nets like this are used to cover the garbage. If the garbage is put out at the wrong time, on the wrong date or there is some problem with the contents, people could have their garbage returned or even get complaints from neighbors."

SOUNDBITE(JAPANESE): Japanese Citizen

"There is a fixed time for disposal of each kind of garbage. I strictly follow the rules." 

SOUNDBITE(JAPANESE): Japanese Citizen

"I think it's very bad that people don't dispose rubbish in accordance with the regulations. "   

STANDUP(ENGLISH): GUO WEI, CNC Correspondent

"If you take a walk in a city outside, you might notice something. Where are all the rubbish bins? We don't see a lot of rubbish bins on the streets here in Japan. So what do people do with their rubbish when they are outside?" 

SOUNDBITE(JAPANESE):Japanese Citizen

"If I have rubbish with me, I would first look for rubbish bins. But if there isn't any, then I'll take the rubbish home." 

STANDUP(ENGLISH): GUO WEI, CNC Correspondent

"In Japan, littering is called 'illegal dumping' and carries a penalty of up to five years in prison or a fine of up to 10 million yen (92,100 dollars). Companies could be fined up to 300 million yen (2,757,000 dollars) for illegally dumping industrial waste. Of course, clean and tidy environment not only depends on restrict laws and rules, it also needs people's awareness to protect the environment."