National security legislation for HKSAR

Added On May 23, 2020

A central government spokesperson says establishing and improving at the national level the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) to safeguard national security will lay a solid institutional foundation for the steady and enduring growth of the cause of "one country, two systems". 

A draft decision on establishing and improving the legal system and enforcement mechanisms for the HKSAR to safeguard national security has been submitted to the third session of the 13th National People's Congress (NPC) for deliberation on Friday. 
A spokesperson of the State Council Hong Kong and Macao Affairs Office said in a statement that it is very timely, imperative and important for the NPC to make the decision. 
Article 23 of the Basic Law of the HKSAR stipulates that the HKSAR shall enact laws on its own to prohibit any act of treason, secession, sedition, subversion against the Central People's Government, or theft of state secrets, to prohibit foreign political organizations or bodies from conducting political activities in the HKSAR, and to prohibit political organizations or bodies of the HKSAR from establishing ties with foreign political organizations or bodies.
The spokesperson said Nearly 23 years after Hong Kong's return, however, relevant laws are yet to materialize.
According to the statement,The deficiencies of institutional setup, resources and power allocation of the HKSAR government in safeguarding national security have led to a rare de facto "defenseless" status in the field of national security in the HKSAR.
The spokesperson said Safeguarding national security is the essence of "one country, two systems". "One country" is the prerequisite for "two systems," while "two systems" is subordinate to and derived from "one country. 
The spokesperson added that The most important requirement of "one country" is to safeguard national sovereignty, unity and territorial integrity.
2 HKSAR chief executive expresses support for draft decision of national legislature to introduce national security
HKSAR Chief Executive Carrie Lam said Safeguarding national sovereignty, security and development interests is the constitutional requirement of the HKSAR, the duty of the HKSAR government, and also in the interest of all the Hong Kong residents. 
"Whether for a place like Hong Kong, which is an inalienable part of the People's Republic of China, could  we do without that sort of system to enhance our ability to protect national security? I think the answer must be no. And since we could not do it on our own, after twenty three years, then this is a time for decides of actions to be taken by the central authorities."
Lam said the draft decision is aimed at safeguarding national security and the prosperity and stability of Hong Kong, thereby better protecting the legitimate rights and freedoms of all members of the public in Hong Kong. 
Lam said she believes the national law to be enacted by the Standing Committee of the NPC will seek to practically and effectively prevent and curb acts and activities that seriously undermine national security, as well as sanction those who undermine national security by advocating "Hong Kong independence" and resorting to violence.
Lam said that after the passage of the draft decision, the HKSAR government will fully cooperate with the Standing Committee of the NPC to complete the legislation as soon as possible to discharge its responsibility of safeguarding national security to ensure the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong under "one country, two systems".