China to fully advance rural vitalization modernization of agriculture

Added On February 22, 2021

As the first policy statement released by China's central authorities each year, the document is seen as an indicator of policy priorities. Work on agriculture and rural areas has been high on the agenda for 18 consecutive years since 2004. The document highlighted that the Communist Party of China will make work concerning agriculture, rural areas and farmers a top priority during the 14th Five-Year Plan period. According to the document, China will make the comprehensive advancement of rural vitalization a major task in realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. It will also look to the whole party and society to make efforts to speed up the modernization of agriculture and the countryside. The document said China will keep its sown areas stable, with the grain output to exceed 650 billion kg, further improve the quality of agricultural products and food safety, and ensure that the growth of farmers' incomes outpaces that of urban residents in 2021. The country will also start implementing the plan on the modernization of agriculture and the countryside, and further promote reforms in rural areas. By 2025, China will see substantial progress in the modernization of agriculture and the countryside, with achievements seen for a more solid agricultural foundation, a narrower income gap between rural and urban residents, and basically realizing agricultural modernization where conditions permit. China will set a five-year transition period for counties that have shaken off poverty and gradually shift the policy focus from poverty alleviation toward comprehensively promoting rural vitalization. The document said China will continue to consolidate poverty alleviation outcomes, promote rural vitalization in areas that have shaken off poverty, and strengthen assistance for low-income rural residents on a regular basis. As for agricultural modernization, the document stresses the country's ability to ensure the supply of grain and major agricultural products, including stabilizing the sown area of grain and improving the yield per unit area, accelerating the building of a modern breeding system, promoting green and healthy aquaculture, and optimizing the trade of agricultural products. The document emphasizes that the country must retain a "red line" of 1.8 billion mu (120 million hectares) of arable land. The construction of 100 million mu of high-standard farmland with high and stable yields regardless of drought and flood will be complete this year. According to the document, efforts should also be made to strengthen the support provided to modern agriculture by using science, technology and equipment, to establish agricultural modernization demonstration zones. The total number of these zones is to reach about 500 by 2025, and to advance the green development of agriculture. The document also outlines measures to strengthen the Party's overall leadership over the work concerning agriculture, rural areas and farmers.